by Peter Arrenbrecht
This article was adapted from a Google Testing on the Toilet (TotT) episode. You can download a printer-friendly version of this TotT episode and post it in your office.
We are all conditioned to write tests as we code: unit, functional, UI—the whole shebang. We are professionals, after all. Many of us like how small tests let us work quickly, and how larger tests inspire safety and closure. Or we may just anticipate flak during review. We are so used to these tests that often we no longer question why we write them. This can be wasteful and dangerous.
Tests are a means to an end: To reduce the key risks of a project, and to get the biggest bang for the buck. This bang may not always come from the tests that standard practice has you write, or not even from tests at all.
Outstanding practice. Missing the mark.
Our key risks were that we’d corrupt our data or bring down our servers for the sake of a debugging aid. None of the tests addressed this, but they gave a false sense of safety and “being done”.
We stopped the launch.
Standard practice. Wasted effort.
The alert was so critical it actually needed end-to-end coverage for all scenarios. But it would be live for only three releases. The cheapest effective test? Manual testing before each release.
A Better Approach: Risks First
For every project or feature, think about testing. Brainstorm your key risks and your best options to reduce them. Do this at the start so you don’t waste effort and can adapt your design. Write them down as a QA design so you can point to it in reviews and discussions.
To be sure, standard practice remains a good idea in most cases (hence it’s standard). Small tests are cheap and speed up coding and maintenance, and larger tests safeguard core use-cases and integration.
Just remember: Your tests are a means. The bang is what counts. It’s your job to maximize it.